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Management of Pregnant Woman in their Third Trimester with SARS-COV-2 Symptoms in the Rural Setting

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      Objective

      Can a way forward be created to establish baseline criteria to better assist aeromedical transport crews with optimizing care and increasing the probability of survival of acutely distressed women in their third trimester of pregnancy with SARS-COV-2 symptoms? Information has been derived from a mixed methods research approach. Pregnant individuals with SARS-COV-2 are at increased risk of intensive care unit admission, mechanical ventilation, and death compared with both pregnant individuals without SARS-CoV-2 infection and nonpregnant adults with SARS-CoV-2 infection1. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy affect up to 20% of pregnancies in the United States and are leading causes of serious obstetric morbidity1. The focus of this research included nearly 2,400 pregnant women infected with SARS-CoV-2 and found that those with moderate to severe infection were more likely to have a cesarean delivery, to deliver preterm, to die around the time of birth, or to experience serious illness from hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, postpartum hemorrhage, or from infection other than SARS-CoV-2. They were also more likely to lose the pregnancy or to have an infant die during the newborn period. Mild or asymptomatic infection was not associated with increased pregnancy risks.

      Methods

      We intend to develop an algorithm based on current guidelines to smooth the transition of care from prehospital to intrahospital. We will use the guidelines set forth by The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG). In addition, we will take an example of the policies and procedures from a prehospital care aeromedical flight service for inclusion in our proposed treatment recommendation(s).

      Results

      We will then use the guidelines to make an all-encompassing protocol to guide the whole trip from onset of symptoms to in hospital care. We believe that a protocol that encompasses the whole of both systems, prehospital flight and in hospital, will help to streamline patient care tasks and reduce the probabilities of morbidity and mortality.

      Conclusion

      The aeromedical community should seek out partnerships with the appropriate entities to provide invaluable information about a critical time of transitioning the patient from the point of access to the healthcare system to the appropriate definitive care facility. The aeromedical community has specialized paramedics, nurses, and physicians with knowledge and experience that cannot easily be quantified. These efforts could result in treatment modalities addressing acute management intra/inter hospital upon initial publication and equip air medical personnel with additional critical care education and knowledge to take back to their perceptive communities to enhance the probability of survival with pregnant women adversely affected by SARS-COV-2.