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Investopedia. Business Essentials, Force Majeure https://www.investopedia.com/terms/f/forcemajeure.asp. Accessed April 17, 2020.
Principle No. VI.3 - Force majeure. https://www.trans-lex.org/944000. Accessed April 17, 2020.
Marie K. Pesando, American Jurisprudence 2d, Act of God § 13.
See, e.g., Richard A. Lord, 30 Williston on Contracts § 77:31 (4th Ed.) (“What types of events constitute force majeure depend on the specific language included in the clause itself.”); Kel Kim Corp. v. Cent. Mkts., Inc., 70 N.Y.2d 900, 902 (1987) (holding that force majeure defense is narrow and excuses nonperformance “only if the force majeure clause specifically includes the event that actually prevents a party's performance”).
Covering Losses with Business Interruption Insurance, Insurance Information Institute,https://www.iii.org/article/covering-losses-with-business-interruption-insurance. Accessed April 18, 2020.
William Lalor. COVID-19 Business Interruption Coverage Concerns. Risk Management Magazine.http://www.rmmagazine.com/2020/03/11/covid-19-business-interruption-coverage-concerns/?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss&utm_campaign=covid-19-business-interruption-coverage-concerns. Accessed April 18, 2020.
Bethan Moorcraft. Does the coronavirus equate to "physical" property damage for business interruption claims? Insurance Business Canada Magazine.https://www.insurancebusinessmag.com/ca/news/breaking-news/does-the-coronavirus-equate-to-physical-property-damage-for-business-interruption-claims-219723.aspx. Accessed April 21, 2020.
Leslie Scism, U.S. Businesses Gear Up for Legal Disputes with Insurers Over Coronavirus Claims, Wall Street Journal Online, https://www.wsj.com/articles/u-s-businesses-gear-up-for-legal-disputes-with-insurers-over-coronavirus-claims-11583465668. Accessed April 18, 2020.
Sian Barton, Axa Confirms Position on Coronavirus Business Interruption Coverage, Insurance Age,https://www.insuranceage.co.uk/insurer/7500931/axa-confirms-coronavirus-business-interruption-coverage. Accessed April 21, 2020.
Editor's Note: While the information in this article deals with legal issues, it does not constitute legal advice. If you have specific questions related to this topic, you are encouraged to consult an attorney who can investigate the particular circumstances of your individual situation. If you have an issue you would like to see addressed in a future issue of AMJ, please contact the author at [email protected] to suggest a topic.